Sterling slips as global risk appetite falters; speculators turn bullish
LONDON (Reuters) – The British pound slipped against the dollar and was little changed against the euro on Monday, with risk appetite in global markets weak after economic data from the United States and China stirred concern about their recovery from COVID-19.
Data on Friday showing a plunge in U.S. consumer confidence and data on Monday showing a sharp slowdown in China’s factory output and retail sales growth spooked investors, pausing the 10-day winning streak in European stocks.
The dollar edged higher and riskier currencies generally lost out.
At 1544 GMT, the pound was down 0.1% against the dollar, at $1.3853. Versus the euro, it was steady at 85.065 pence per euro.
Against the safe-haven Japanese yen, the pound was down 0.6%, having touched its lowest level in more than three weeks.
As well as being driven by shifts in global risk appetite, a busy week for domestic data is also expected to affect the pound. Focus is on the UK labour market report on Tuesday, inflation data for July on Wednesday and retail sales data on Friday.
Earlier in August the Bank of England set out plans for how it would start to wind down its massive bond-buying programme.
Since then the pound has generally slipped versus the dollar but strengthened slightly versus the euro, as the European Central Bank is not expected to tighten policy as soon as the BoE.
“The recent hawkish tilt by the Bank of England has given the pound an added buoyancy recently, and some decent numbers this week could act as a tailwind for GBP bulls, after recent weakness,” Michael Hewson, chief market analyst at CMC Markets, said in a note to clients.
A Reuters poll found that economists expect the BoE to wait until 2023 before raising rates.
ING strategists wrote in a client note that investors will be looking for how the data this week compares with the BoE’s upbeat growth outlook for the UK.
“EUR/GBP may well find fresh bearish pressure if UK data remain supportive for the pound, and move back below 0.8500,” ING said.
Speculators’ position on the pound turned net long in the week to Aug. 10, according to weekly CFTC positioning data. This means that the speculative market generally expects the pound to strengthen.
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